TheDairySite.com - news, features, articles and disease information for the dairy industry

News

USDA Cattle on Feed Report says US cattle inventory fell by 1%

26 July 2021
National Agricultural Statistics Service

About 101 million head of cattle and calves are on U.S. farms as of July 1, 2021, according to the Cattle report published today by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS).

(Note to graph: The July Cattle report was suspended in 2013 and 2016 due to the federal government sequestration.)

 

  • Beef cows, at 31.4 million head, down 2 percent from a year ago.
  • Of the 101 million head inventory, all cows and heifers that have calved totaled 40.9 million
  • Milk cows, at 9.50 million head, up 2 percent from previous year.
  • All heifers 500 pounds and over on July 1, 2021 totaled 16.0 million head, 1 percent below the 16.2 million head on July 1, 2020.
  • Beef replacement heifers, at 4.30 million head, down 2 percent from a year ago.
  • Milk replacement heifers, at 4.10 million head, up 3 percent from previous year.
  • Other heifers, at 7.60 million head, 3 percent below a year earlier.
  • Steers 500 pounds and over on July 1, 2021 totaled 14.5 million head, down 1 percent from July 1, 2020.
  • Bulls 500 pounds and over on July 1, 2021 totaled 2.10 million head, unchanged from previous year.
  • Calves under 500 pounds on July 1, 2021 totaled 27.4 million head, down 1 percent from a year earlier.
  • Cattle and calves on feed for the slaughter market in the United States for all feedlots totaled 13.4 million head on July 1, 2021, down 1 percent from previous year.
  • Cattle on feed in feedlots with capacity of 1,000 or more head accounted for 84.3 percent of the total cattle on feed on July 1, 2021, up slightly from previous year.
  • The total of calves under 500 pounds and other heifers and steers over 500 pounds (outside of feedlots), at 36.1 million head, down 2 percent from the 36.7 million head on July 1, 2020.

Calf Crop Down Slightly

The 2021 calf crop in the United States is expected to be 35.1 million head, down slightly from last year. Calves born during the first half of 2021 are estimated at 25.8 million head, up slightly from the first half of 2020. An additional 9.30 million calves are expected to be born during the second half of 2021.

To obtain an accurate measurement of the current state of the U.S. cattle industry, NASS surveyed nearly 16,000 operators across the nation during the first half of July. NASS asked these producers to report their cattle inventories as of July 1, 2021, and calf crop for the entire year of 2021 by internet, mail, or telephone.

The Cattle report and all other NASS reports are available online at nass.usda.gov/Publications.

TheCattleSite News Desk



Partners


Seasonal Picks

Managing Pig Health: A Reference for the Farm - 2nd Edition